OBESITY REVIEWED
Obesity has become a global health concern in a very short space of time. It is pandemic sweeping the whole world, perhaps with the exception of Sub-Saharan Africa. Changing trends in diet as well as reduced physical labour, thanks to several devices to reduce human effort, in addition to stress have made this a disease of the masses, from a disease of the classes. Read More

-By Dr Sameer Rege, Associate Professor, Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai.

DIABETES:
Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs it for energy, but too much glucose in your blood is not good for your health. There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes Your body does not make insulin. This is a problem because you need insulin to take the sugar (glucose) from the foods you eat and turn it into energy for your body. You need to take insulin every day to live. Type 2 diabetes Your body does not make or use insulin well. You may need to take pills or insulin to help control your diabetes.

Know what to do every day.

  • Take your medicines for diabetes and any other health problems even when you feel good. Avoid over the counter medications.
  • Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, and swelling.
  • Brush your teeth and floss every day to keep your mouth, teeth, and gums healthy.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Keep track of your blood sugar. You may want to check it one or more times a day. Check your blood pressure if your doctor advises and keep a record of it.
  • Report any changes in your health.
  • Know the symptoms of low blood glucose: Sweating, rapid heart rate, dizziness, headache, trembling, hunger blurred vision, irritability.
    Have at least 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrate with you to treat low blood glucose (sugar candy, chocolate, biscuit, a small box of raisins etc.)



BREAST FEEDING:
From the start of pregnancy, the preparation for breastfeeding begins. The breasts enlarge, the areolas darken, and the nipples become more erect. By the fourth month, colostrum is produced. Milk production and milk let-down will wait for the hormone changes that come with labor, birth, and the delivery of the placenta. The process is so well planned that, if the baby is born prematurely, the milk the mother produces is higher in fat in order to meet the baby's special nutritional needs. Nature perfectly prepares the mother's body for breastfeeding.
The first contact and initiation of breastfeed
Baby should be given skin to skin immediately after the delivery.  This initiates breastfeeding and bonding.

How to know if baby is having   enough?

  • The baby nurses frequently averaging at least 8-12 feedings per 24-hour period.
  • The baby is allowed to determine the length of the feeding, which may be 10 to 20 minutes per breast or longer.
  • Once mother's milk comes in, usually on the third or fourth day, the baby should begin to have 6-8 wet cloth Nappies in 24 hour of period.
  •  An increase of 20-30 grams/ day for 1st three months is seen. If you have any concerns regarding your baby, they should be addressed with your health care practitioner.


 

CANCER AWARENESS
The earlier cancer is found, the earlier cancer is treated, the better the chance of a cure. Knowing what to look out for gives you a better chance of finding the disease early.

  • Know your body
  • Notice any persistent changes
  •  Know the danger signs
  •  Take action
  • Don`t wait
  • Don`t worry
  • Act now!
 

CATARRACT
CARE AFTER CATARRACT SURGERY-
A) INSTILLATION OF DROPS

  1. Wash hands before instillation of drops.
  2. Always retract the lower lid of the eye while putting the drops.
  3. Put only ONE DROP of the ordered drops.
  4. Put drops only in the operated eye.
  5. You may lie down during and after the drop instillation for comfort.
  6. After instillation, if any excess medicine/tear oozes out, wipe under the eyes (on the cheeks) NOT OVER THE EYE
    B)Avoid heavy strenuous exercise /lifting heavy weights for 10 days after the surgery.
    C)  Wear dark glasses during day and  plastic eye shield at night for 10 days after surgery
    D) AVOID HEAD BATH for about 10 (ten) days from the day of surgery.
    E) You can move about, walk, talk and have normal diet. (If diabetic, follow diabetic diet).Continue all other medicines, if any as usual.
  7. You can watch TV; can cook WITH GLASSES 3 days after the day of surgery.
  8. NEVER press/rub your operated eye.
 

 HYPERTENSION:
Hypertension is just the medical term for high blood pressure.If your blood pressure is more than 140/80 mm of Hg on more than two or three occasions, you have high blood pressure. Untreated high blood pressure can lead to stroke, heart attack and kidney failure.
Making changes in what you eat can help to control high blood pressure.

  1. Reduce sodium — The main source of sodium in the diet is the salt contained in packaged and processed foods and in foods from restaurants.
  2. Reduce alcohol — Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol increases your risk of developing high blood pressure
  3. Eat more fruits and vegetables — Eating a vegetarian diet may reduce high blood pressure and protect against developing high blood pressure
  4. Eat more fiber — Eating an increased amount of fiber may decrease blood pressure.
  5. Eat more fish — Eating more fish may help to lower blood pressure, especially when combined with weight loss.
  6. Caffeine — Caffeine may cause a small rise in blood pressure, although this effect is usually temporary.
 

BLOOD DONATION:
Blood cannot be manufactured nor engineered; blood is all natural and the only source is -you, the volunteer donor.
Every time you donate, you are helping to give another person a chance at life.

 In fact, your donation can save the lives of up to three people because blood can be separated into several crucial components; red blood cells, plasma, cryoprecipitate, and platelets.
You are eligible to donate blood if you:

  • Between the age group of 18 years to 60 years.
  • Weigh at least 50 kg.
  • Have Hb of at least 12.5 gm/100 ml of blood.
  • Medically fit.

Only 450 ml of blood (out of 5 liters flowing in your body) is collected at one donation.

You can donate blood once in three months at any of the licensed blood banks or any of the blood donation camps organized by an authorized blood bank.